Metal Zinc Door Contact With NC Way
Metal zinc door contact with NC way, this kind of model is metallic housing case model. It has stronger structure with longer action range. Normally it is frequently used in metal door, garage, window etc. Also in some typical industrial applications, this type of Magnetic contact is equipped....
Metal zinc door contact with NC way, this kind of model is metallic housing case model. It has stronger structure with longer action range. Normally it is frequently used in metal door, garage, window etc. Also in some typical industrial applications, this type of Magnetic contact is equipped.
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After opening up
After the opening of the door, the government promoted the policy of enriching the country, strengthening the armed forces, and producing industries. Focusing on light industry as the center to promote industrialization and modernization, raising funds in the stock market to develop the economy. The main export goods are silk, matches, light bulbs and other light industrial products. During this period, heavy industries were less developed and foreign trade continued to be in deficit. The chaebol also gradually emerged. However, due to many external wars, Japan’s foreign debt has increased and the economic system since the Meiji Restoration has been facing collapse.
Two world wars
Because of the dramatic increase in military demand in the battlefields of Europe during the First World War, the Japanese economy has benefited a lot from it. Heavy industry has improved its economic status (war situation). At the same time, Japan and the United States are also transformed into creditor countries. However, the sudden cooling of European military demand after the end of the First World War made the Japanese economy, which relied on foreign markets, fall into a depression. The Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923 also led to poor bank credit. In 1927, Showa Financial panic occurred. In 1930, the Japanese economy deteriorated due to a series of bans on the lifting of the gold export ban and world panic.
In the midst of the economic downturn in the world, a five-year plan for the Soviet Union was made a leap. Japan was also affected by this. Some bureaucrats advocate strengthening the role of the state in the economy. At the beginning of the Second World War, the Japanese economy completely became a state-controlled economy and the liberal economic system collapsed. At the same time, lifelong employment and monthly salary systems have emerged at this time, setting the foundation for Japan’s post-war economic development.
Post-war recovery and high growth
In the Second World War, Japan’s industry was devastated. Japan has experienced severe inflation. However, in the Korean War, Japanese heavy industry recovered under the boost of military demand. The success of the Iwano boom started in 1955 and the success of the Ishino boom started. The Japanese economy grew rapidly under the leadership of the manufacturing industry. Japan’s economic scale exceeded West Germany’s GDP in 1968 and became the second largest in the world.
Low growth age
In 1973, the world’s first oil crisis erupted. The Japanese economy fell into chaos. In 1974, the economic growth rate dropped drastically, and the high economic growth since the end of the war ended. The main export products are changed from steel to automobiles. After the 1970s, Japan maintained long-term trade surpluses and the United States had a long-term trade deficit. Since then, according to the plaza agreement signed in 1985, the yen had to appreciate and lead to economic downturn. After the 1980s, due to the loose financial environment, the economy continued to be strong, resulting in a sharp rise in stock prices and land prices. The bubble economy.
In the 1990s, asset prices (stock prices, land prices) fell sharply. Affected by the after-effects caused by the collapse of the bubble economy, the Japanese economy was depressed for a long time and was considered a “lost decade”. After 2002, the situation improved due to the increase in foreign demand.
Monetary stimulus policy
The Japanese economy contracted in the third quarter, which was the first economic contraction since last year, causing the world's third-largest economy to fall into recession, leading the Bank of Japan to announce that it will continue its strong monetary stimulus policies to promote economic growth.
However, economists said that domestic economic stimulus is unlikely to bring Japan out of the recession because the recovery of Japan’s economy is more dependent on global economic growth. The biggest driving force of the Japanese economy should be global demand, especially the United States, China, and Europe. Without the increase in external demand, the measures of the Japanese government and the Central Bank are not enough to prevent the recession.
Japan’s development over the past few decades shows that the Japanese economy is heavily dependent on exports and external demand. Therefore, Japan has to wait for the recovery of overseas economies to boost its own economy. Data released on Monday showed that Japan’s GDP contracted by 0.9% in the third quarter and converted to an annual decline rate of 3.5%. Japan’s economic contraction is in line with expectations of a slowdown in global economic growth and the intensification of the Sino-Japanese dispute over the Diaoyu Islands.
Economists expect that before the economic recovery, the Japanese economy will further decline in the fourth quarter and become a technical recession. George, the head of investment strategy at UBS Wealth Management, said that it is best for the economic recovery in Japan to be a global economic development.
George said that there are a large number of economic incentives led by the United States. This is the best trade news for Japan, as long as the situation in Europe is not too bad.
The Bank of Japan implemented the easing monetary policy for the second consecutive month in October, expanding its $138.5 billion asset purchase plan, but with little success, the yen is still rising in the market, and export pressure is huge.
The yen has risen more than 3% against the dollar. The strong yen makes Japanese exports more expensive and therefore less competitive.
In the third quarter, Japan’s exports fell 5% year-on-year, which was the largest decline since 6% in the second quarter of 2011.
The BoJ’s stimulus measures for the economy have so far had little effect, and it is unrealistic to expect monetary stimulus policies to immediately boost economic growth expectations.
The global economic recovery, especially China’s economic growth, coupled with Japan’s recent fiscal stimulus package and the gradual improvement of the consumer market will help Japan emerge from the recession.
Bank of Japan Governor Haruhiko Kuroda said on Thursday (July 4, 2013) that Japan’s economy is on the track of recovery and there are signs that inflation expectations are rising. He emphasized that the Bank of Japan’s positive monetary stimulus measures are playing a role.
Kuroda said at the quarterly meeting of branch managers at central bankers: "The Japanese economy is accelerating."
Kuroda said that after the central bank introduced the monetary easing measures in April, "the economy is steadily moving toward recovery."
Kuroda said that with the help of steady domestic demand and overseas economic growth, the Japanese economy may resume a moderate recovery; the Japanese financial system as a whole remains stable.
Kuroda said that the Japanese CPI's annual growth rate may gradually turn positive; the Bank of Japan will maintain its ultra-loose policy until it steadily achieves the 2% inflation rate target.
The Bank of Japan released large-scale monetary stimulus measures, vowed to double its debt and increase risky asset purchases, achieving a 2% inflation target within two years. Since then, the Bank of Japan has maintained stable monetary policy.
People familiar with the idea of the Central Bank said that the Bank of Japan’s review of the interest rate review next week is expected to continue to increase its perception of the economy as more and more evidence shows that the weaker yen and the government’s inflation-promoting policy have a positive effect on exports and private consumption. .
Composition of employment
Primary Industry - 5.0%
Secondary industry - 29.5%
Tertiary industry -64.3%
Only 12% of Japan’s land is arable. In order to remedy this shortcoming, Japan uses systemized farming systems. Japan has the world’s highest precision agricultural output, which is the world’s largest unit of land production, reaching a food self-sufficiency rate of 50% with only 56,000. Km² (14 million acres) of agricultural land.
Agriculture is a high subsidy and protection industry in Japan, encouraging small-scale farming, rather than large-scale farming in the United States. Especially rice is a high-protection industry. It has set an ultra-high 490% tariff to block foreign rice. Before 1988, it also restricted import quotas by 7.2%. The total consumption is below. Tariffs increased to 778% after the new rules were announced. However, wheat, soybeans and the like are still purchased from foreign countries, and Japan is also the EU’s largest food exporter.
Japan was the world’s second-largest fishery country, and it also created 11.9 million tons of fish catches in 1989. After the energy crisis in 1973, deep-sea fish were unpopular in Japan. Shallow-sea fish accounted for 50% of the total amount of farmed fish, accounting for more than 33%. The most popular are sardines, tuna, crabs, oysters, saury, squid and Japanese salmon. Japan still has the world's largest fishing fleet and 15% of global catch.
However, there are also arguments that Japan's fishery is too large to use up its catch. Ocean-going whaling has also been protested by animal conservationists. There is a risk that the Japanese fisheries industry will be shrinking in the future.
Because Japan is a volcanic active area, it has a rich variety of mineral resources. Therefore, before the Second World War, the mining industry was relatively developed. However, after the war, the environmental countermeasures against mining hazards and the safety countermeasures of employees caused a substantial increase in production costs, which led to the decline of the industry. Still producing: low-cost quartz and limestone that can be excavated in the open air, and gold, silver, oil, and natural gas with high purity and international competitiveness.
The output value of the Japanese service industry is extremely important and accounts for 3/4 of the country's economic output. Banks, insurance, real estate agencies, retail (department stores), passenger transport, and communications are all service industries. Companies such as Mitsubishi UFJ, Mizuho, NTT, TEPCO, Nomura, Mitsubishi Estate, New Tokyo Offshore, JR Railroad, and ANA are global leaders in this field. In the future, Japan Post will become the country's largest insurance company in 2014. Japan has 326 companies ranked in the global Forbes 2000 ranking of 16.3% (2006). In the foreseeable future, the service industry will be Japan's largest industry and job offer provider.
Japanese industries are concentrated in the development of several industrial areas, such as the Kanto region and the East China Sea. There is also a narrow industrial belt between Tokyo and Fukuoka. It has the longest industrial history in Asia. Many industries are highly developed in Japan and include consumption. Electronics, automotive, semiconductors, fiber optics, optoelectronics, multimedia, photocopiers, high-grade foods. But there are also some industries in Japan that do not attach importance to or have no development conditions such as satellites, rockets, and large aircraft because these require large amounts of mineral bases and also have military sensitivity. Sexuality, so JAXA may adopt a method of cooperation with other countries to complete the manned mission to the moon, because supporting industries in these industries such as computer-assisted production (CAD/CAM), software database, Japan are all available.
In general, the high quality of "Made in Japan" is deeply rooted in people's minds, but these consumer technology products also have a lot of migration. Because Japan's production costs are too high to compete, Japan does not plan to develop high-priced large-scale aerospace industry to manufacture. The worrying outlook for the industry is also a cause of massive unemployment.
Japan is the world's largest animation powerhouse, and its animation development model has distinctive national characteristics. In the world has a small share. In 2011, the output value of animation reached 200 billion yen. ACG related industries amounted to 1 trillion yen.
In 2012, Japan's domestic GDP was 5.96 trillion U.S. dollars, equivalent to 596 trillion yen. The animation industry accounts for more than 0.2% of Japan's GDP, and GDP is slightly lower than China's. At the same time, Japan is also the world’s largest exporter of animation industry creation.
The Tokyo International Animation Festival held an inspection tour of the animation parks in Tokyo and Osaka, including the Akihabara Anime Sales and Gathering District, the Jeep Force Animation Park, the Disney Children's Park, and the Disney Sea Park, and experienced the development of the Japanese animation industry. Experience a lot.
Industrial chain is well connected
Manga Publishing - Animation Production Broadcasting - Copyright Authorization - Derivatives Production and Sales - Partial Authorization of Animation Works - In-depth Development of Successful Animation Products and Development of New Animation Products - Benign Recycling, Very Valued Brands Can be Developed with Mixed Consumption Mode Theme park or theme shop. The above model is an industry model that Japan has already formed. It is also a typical model for developing industries based on comics.
The reason why the Japanese animation industry model is complete is that the above industry chain is well connected and forms a virtuous cycle of progressive benefit. Japanese animation has four industry characteristics: First, the scale formed. Animation broadcasts, comic sales, derivatives sales, and anime advertising are everywhere in Japan and have affected the entire social life in Japan.
The second is obvious copying effect. Animation publications and derivatives are the most typical reproduction products, with the basic characteristics of industrialization. The third is the establishment of a business model. Every aspect of Japanese animation has a good pattern of input and output, forming an industrial chain model with cash flow support. The fourth is continuing operations. The success rate of 20% to 30% works guarantees the enthusiasm for creation and the in-depth development of successful products, and the animation industry has formed a sustainable development momentum.
Almost all contemporary Japanese people are affected by cartoons, just as Chinese comics in the 1950s and 1980s affected the Chinese. However, Japanese comics are constantly changing with the progress of society and this influence continues to expand. Japanese Prime Minister is fond of animation. Japanese executives often have comic books on their desks, trams, subways, and people reading comic books on the street.
At Disney and Universal Studios, after a random inquiry, young people under the age of 18 in Tokyo, Japan, traveled to Disneyland not less than twice a year and returned more than 80%. What's more, many young people's worship and imitation of the animation image will affect their lives. Some producers of animation works attach great importance to it, like Miyazaki Hayao and others who are very devoted to the maintenance of the anime image.
Wide consumer market
Manga is becoming a language tool. Many product descriptions, tips, corporate logos, and advertisements use animation language. Virtual culture is becoming a trend.
The providers and consumers of Japanese animation products have formed a positive trend. Many young people have a keen interest in drawing comics. A 22-year-old cartoonist told the author that he paid for the show to show his computer graphics technology, hoping to have an investor or partner. Japan's comic publishing follows the principle of low-cost, newsprint offset printing, each book is priced at 400 yen (about 25 yuan), the book is about 150 pages. Pricing does not pose a consumer barrier to consumers. Facilitating common consumption practices will help lay a solid foundation for the market, because there will be a wide-spread consumer market that will lead to a booming supply and sales situation.
In addition, the combination of comic publishing and paid cable television, the timely introduction of derivatives, and mutual promotion of the formation of comprehensive consumption, the market formed a sound basis for development.
Clear cooperation mechanism
The animation and animation industry chain in Japan has formed a pattern of division of labor and cooperation. Cartoon studios, animation studios, copyright agencies, printing and publishing companies, book distribution companies, television stations, magazines, animation production and sales channels have all formed clear boundaries. The cooperation mechanism strives to do the best in its own range of work.
Comic animation studio and corporate funding cooperation also form a good model. For example, the tie mode of Astro Boy and the electric appliance company was widely promoted. The company has funded comics and animation studios, and it has also benefited from the widespread dissemination of comic animation. Corporate brands are widely recognized, and corporate brands have also added value to the culture.
Japanese cartoon product creation is more enthusiastic. The creator clearly understands the risk relationship between product launch and market recognition. 20% to 30% of the works will be recognized by the society, 5% of the works can become more successful works, and 1% of the works will become sustainable development. s brand. The image is cute, idolized, close to human nature, and deeply rooted in people's minds is the goal of anime image design.
Cultivate audience intentions
Japanese animation works are roughly divided into two categories: youth-oriented and adult-oriented. There are many content categories for youngsters. Subjects such as sci-fi, detective, fairy tales, campus, inspirational, persuasive, funny, humorous, adventure, and girls constitute the main content; adult works are mainly funny, humorous, ridiculous, thrilling, family, etc. There is a tendency for pornography to expand and spread, and can be purchased at roadside bookstores, but there are signs that prohibit reading under 18 years of age.
When discussing with Japanese animation planners, they have always emphasized the psychology of teenagers, reflected their lives and guided their lives and fashion trends, and also emphasized that they should be followed and served for life. Their point of view sounds somewhat ideal, but it does make sense. Japan’s animation sales are very popular. In addition to the animated bookstores and derivatives stores that are everywhere, shopping malls and supermarkets have comic books, CD animation game CDs, toys, and derivatives. TV stations have almost animated or animation channels. In the bookstores and television previews, notices for animated books and television dramas and booking revelations can be clearly seen. There are also some club practices similar to fans' clubs, all of which show that the animation companies have good intentions in nurturing audiences.
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