Chile Measurement Hold
Chile Measurement Hold Before independence The original Chilean residents were Indians. In the 16th century, they were in transition from the maternity clan to the paternal clan. Among them, the Ulu people in the north, the Kongsa people, and the Alawan people in the central part are mainly...
Chile Measurement Hold
The original Chilean residents were Indians. In the 16th century, they were in transition from the maternity clan to the paternal clan. Among them, the Ulu people in the north, the Kongsa people, and the Alawan people in the central part are mainly engaged in agricultural production, concurrently operating fisheries, and some have been able to manufacture bronzes and gold and silver utensils; the southern Ona, Yagan, etc. Fishing and hunting for a living. In the 1930s, after the Spanish colonialist Francisco Pizarro conquered Peru, he dispatched his partner Almagro to invade Chile in 1535. Due to Indian attacks, fled to Peru in 1538. In 1540, Pizarro sent Paldivia again to invade Chile. Cities such as Santiago, Conceición and Valdivia were established one after another, and Chile became a Spanish colony. Since then, the Indians have continued to fight, in which the Lauku people have long controlled the territory of the southern part of the Biobio River, Chile was governed by the Peruvian governor, and in 1778 the Spanish royal family set up the Chilean provincial capital and the court of prosecution as the highest in Chile. Ruled institutions. During colonial rule, the Chilean economy was dominated by agriculture, producing wheat and corn: animal husbandry also played an important role. The Spanish colonists invaded large areas of land, implemented commissioned guardianship, and forced Indians to work in agriculture or to extract precious metals. They use various means to search for wealth and cause serious disasters to the local people. The Chilean people had held several uprisings in 1651, 1655, 1723, 1766, and 1780.
On September 18, 1810, native whites in Santiago overthrew the colonial regime and established an independent government. In October 1814, the Governor of Peru sent troops to restore colonial rule. The Chilean patriots crossed the Andes Mountains under the leadership of O'Higgins and met with the troops of St. Martin. In 1817, this army entered Chile under the command of Saint Martin and defeated the Spanish colonial army in Chacabuco on February 12th. In the same year, O'Higgins was elected the highest consul of Chile. On February 12, 1818, O'Higgins formally announced the independence of Chile and established the Republic.
After Chile’s independence, the regime was mastered by native white landowners. The Osi-Christian government has taken some progressive measures, such as the abolition of the nobility, permission to spread Protestantism, the development of public schools, and encourage foreign trade. It caused the landlord class and the Catholic Church to be dissatisfied. In 1823 O'Higgins was forced to resign and exiled to Peru. Since then, due to the struggle between different political factions, the country was once in turmoil. In 1831 the Conservative Party came to power. In 1833, the constitution was enacted, which gave the president great power, and Catholicism as the state religion. It consolidated the rule of the large landlord class and began a relatively stable political situation for the next 30 years.
During this period, the Conservative government encouraged immigrants from various European countries to invade Indian land. The development of the Atacama and Coquimbo copper mines has made Chile an important producer of copper in the world. Exports of minerals and grain have increased, and education has also developed. At the same time, a large number of British and American capitals are invested in saltpetre, copper mining and railways. From 1836 to 1839, Chile carried out a war against the Bolivian-Peruvian Federation (Santa Cruz, A).
In the 1940s and 1950s, the Liberal Party gained strength with the support of liberal landowners and mining capitalists. From 1861 to 1891 during the Liberal Party. The government has tried to weaken Catholicism and develop saltpetre areas in the Atacama desert. And improved traffic. Anglo Capital further penetrated and controlled the railway and major production sectors. From 1865 to 1866, Chile formed alliances with Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia and conducted a war against Spain. In the South American Pacific War, Chile annexed Peru's Tarapacca and Arica Provinces and Antofagasta Region of Bolivia.