Meder Contact Sensor Switch
Meder contact sensor switch Stephen Hawking was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford, England. His father, Frank, and his mother, Isabel, both studied at Oxford University. Frank majored in medicine. Isabel studied philosophy, political science, and economics. After the outbreak of World War II,...
Meder contact sensor switch
Stephen Hawking was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford, England. His father, Frank, and his mother, Isabel, both studied at Oxford University. Frank majored in medicine. Isabel studied philosophy, political science, and economics. After the outbreak of World War II, Frank had originally wanted to go to the country to serve the military. His superiors thought that if he was engaged in research work, he could make a more valuable contribution to the country. He then worked as a researcher at a medical research institute, and Isabel was also studying here. The hospital found a secretary job. They met here and fell in love and together. After marriage, they lived in Highgate, a suburb of London. At that time, Nazi Germans bombed England, and London suffered almost daily airstrikes. The husband and wife were forced to decide that Isabel should relocate to a safer Oxford to give birth to the child. When Stephen was born, Isabel returned to Highgate. When Stephen was 1 and 5 years old, they also gave birth to two daughters Philippa and Mary. When Stephen was 14 years old, they adopted a son, Edward.
Hawking has a good relationship with his mother. His mother lives in Stratford, Shakespeare’s hometown. Hawking often visits her. Hawking also co-wrote a few cosmic expeditions with his daughter. His daughter has become a famous writer.
Hawking suffers from an unusually early onset and a slow onset of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a condition commonly known as degenerative cold. The disease began in the final year of Stephen Hawking’s study at Oxford University. At that time, he discovered that he had become more clumsy and often wrestled with unfavorable reasons, and the boating became incompetent. Once, he also fell from the stairs and hit the ground first, causing a temporary loss of memory. At Cambridge, the situation worsened and his speech was somewhat ambiguous. Hawking's parents also noticed his health problems and took him to see a specialist. At the age of 21, the doctor diagnosed that he had amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. He had only two years of good living, but he was still alive after two years of speeding away.
In the late 1960s, Hawking’s physical condition began to deteriorate again, walking sticks must be used to walk and no longer be able to teach regularly. As Hawking gradually loses his ability to write, he develops an alternative visual method. He forms various mental patterns and mental equations in his brain. He can use these mental elements to think about physics. The physicist Werner-Israel said that Hawking's thinking process is like Mozart's writing a full-featured symphony with his imagination.
Hawking is reluctant to bow to evil and does not even want to receive any help. He likes to be seen as a scientist, then a science writer, and most importantly, he is regarded as a normal person and has the same desires, energy, dreams, and aspirations as others.
Hawking's speech function has been declining year by year. By the late 1970s, only his family or close friends could understand him. In order to talk with other people, he must rely on translation. There was no disability ramp dedicated to wheelchairs at the entrance of Hawking’s office building. Cambridge University was unwilling to afford the money needed to build a handicap ramp. Therefore, Hawking disputed with Cambridge and he and his wife co-sponsored activities to urge Cambridge to improve handicap facilities. . However, Hawking's attitude towards acting as a spokesperson for disability rights is often ambiguous. On the one hand, he wants to help the disabled, and on the other he wants to separate himself from the challenges associated with disability and disability. His attitudes have caused some criticism.
When Hawking visited the European Organization for Nuclear Research in 1985, he contracted severe pneumonia and had to use a living system. Due to the critical condition, the doctor asked if Jane should stop the operation of the living system. Jane's answer is "no". The alternative is that Hawking must undergo tracheotomy. This operation can help him breathe, but it will make him unable to speak again since then. After the operation, Hawking was only allowed to leave the hospital after convalescence in the intensive care unit, but he needed to be looked after 24 hours a day, which was very expensive. Although the British National Health Service could pay for the nursing home, Jane decided to bring Hawking home. Thorn knew Hawking’s condition and advised them to seek the help of his friend Murray Gellman. At that time, Nobel Laureate Gelman was a director of the MacArthur Foundation, and the MacArthur Foundation generously promised to cover all costs of health care. Jane invited three classes of nurses to take care of Hawking in rotation. Elimi Mason, one of the nurses, later became Hawking's second wife.
Hawking can no longer speak. He must use special methods to convey information. The other person holds a letter card in one hand. The other uses a forefinger with a letter and a letter. When referring to the letter Hawking wants, Hawking raises his eyebrows. Can slowly spell out the whole word. He was confined to a wheelchair. Only three fingers and two eyes could move. The disease had severely deformed his body. His head could only be tilted to the right. His left shoulder was low and right, his hands were tight and in the middle, and he held the palm of his hand. The microphone's keyboard is twisted with its feet facing inwards. The mouth has almost morphed into the S-shape. With a slight smile, it will immediately appear as if you're cheeky. This has become his iconic image. He can't write, reading must rely on a book turning machine. When reading loose-leaf literature, one must have each page spread out over a large desk, and then drive a wheel chair like a mulberry leaf-like page-by-page reading. Later, computer expert Walt Waters gave him a program called "Equality", which allowed him to select words, words or letters on the screen. The vocabulary of equals is about 2500–3000 words and a speech synthesizer is built-in. The equalizer was originally executed on a desktop computer. The nurse, Elaine David Mason, was a computer engineer. David set up a small computer in Hawking’s wheelchair and installed equals in a small computer. In this way, Hawking no longer needs to find someone to do his translation, Hawking is happy to say, "I can convey information more happily than before I lost my speech function." Hawking can still manipulate his hand a little Turn on the switch and give about 15 words per minute. Before each speech, he will prepare a handout beforehand and then use a speech synthesizer to publish the content. Some people think that the voice synthesizer gives sounds with American or Scandinavian accents. Hawking originally wanted to change to an English accent, but later got used to it, but felt it was his voice.
Hawking's health is still slowly deteriorating. In 2005, he began using his cheek muscles to control his communications equipment, which could output about one word per minute. Because the disease is likely to cause an insular syndrome, Hawking is working with neurological experts to develop a new system that allows the computer to translate his brainwave patterns into words. In 2009, he was no longer able to drive his wheelchair independently, his breathing was more difficult, he often needed an artificial respirator, and several times he was so serious that he needed to go to the hospital for treatment.
When Hawking was studying at the Cambridge University Institute, at the New Year's Party in 1963, he met Jane Wilde who was preparing to enter London University. She was attracted by Hawking's humor and independence.
In October 1964, Hawking and Jane Wending lived. Hawking later said that this changed his life and gave him the motivation to live. Jane thinks that she is looking for the purpose of her existence. She suspects that this purpose should be to take care of Hawking.
The following year, he found a job as a researcher, where the young couple completed the marriage. In the first year of marriage, in order to complete his studies, Jane had to live in London during the week and be able to work with Hawking on the weekends. After many twists and turns, they rented a house near the building of the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, and Hawking could reach the office every day for a short walk. He also bought a three-wheeled motor vehicle that can be driven to the astronomy school in the countryside near Cambridge.
Jane graduated in 1966. In order to prove his personal intellectual ability and set himself a life goal, she decided to stay at the University of London to pursue her Ph.D., specializing in the study of medieval Spanish books. The following year, Hawking's eldest son, Robbert, was born. Her father Lucy was born in 1969, and Timothy was born in 1979.
In 1974, Hawking was hired to study at California Institute of Technology. In order to reduce the burden, Jane proposed to find a graduate student or postdoctoral fellow to help take care of Hawking's daily life. In this way, Jane could have more rest time. They found graduate student Bernard Carl to follow them to Pasadena, California for research. There, they spent a very happy and fruitful year.
Jane took part in the choir of St. Mark's Church in December 1977. There she met Johnny Jones, an organist. Gradually, Jones and Hawking went closer and closer. In the mid-1980s, Jane and Jones developed a romantic friendship. Jane had revealed that her husband reluctantly accepted this reality: "He will not object, as long as I continue to love him." At that time, Jane and Jones Deciding not to break this fragile family, for a long time, they are only trying hard to maintain the relationship of pure friendship.
For many years, the nurses and assistants who took care of Hawking's condition and living have inevitably harassed their family life, making Jane not sure what to do. The marriage between Hawking and Jane has become tense. His celebrity status is a challenge for family members and school colleagues. In the latter half of the 1980s, the people who traveled with Hawking were often nurses Elin Mason. They started to like each other and Hawking asked Elaine to accompany him as much as possible. Elaine's personality is very strong, she tried to guard her close relationship with Hawking. The Hawking family, other nurses and caregivers all have great opinions on her.
In the end, Hawking and Jane’s marriage, which lasted for almost 25 years, finally hit the rocks. In 1990, Hawking formally divorced Jane. The media had different guesses as to why the two eventually broke up. According to the "Hawkin Biography," co-authored by the Englishmen Michael White and John Gray, the main reason for their divorce was related to the research of Hawking's science. . Because of his research, Hawking turned from an early agnostic to an extreme atheist. He completely excluded the concept of God with his own borderless theory. However, Jane is a devout follower. God is one of her spiritual pillars. It is this kind of faith that has enabled Jane to shoulder the burden of taking care of Hawking for more than 20 years. But there is also a saying that Hawking walked closer and closer with Elaine, a female nurse who was one of her own, and thus deserted Jane. This female nurse later became Hawking's second wife. Jane wrote "Hawking: Memoirs of ex-wife"
In 1995, welcoming Elaine, Hawking said happily, "Well, I have married my loved one." Jane married Jones. In 1999, she published a memoir, "The Music of Moving Stars," describing the causes of her marriage with Hawking. The inconspicuous twists and turns caused a sensation in the mass media immediately. As he always handled his personal life, Hawking did not make any public response. He only said that he never read his biographies.
After Hawking's remarriage, his family rarely had the opportunity to meet with him and they suspected Hawking might have been abused. In early 2004, the media reported that Hawking was abused by his second wife and the news immediately caused a sensation in the world. For this reason, Hawking made a statement in a hospital bed, alleging that the news was inaccurate and stated that “I wholeheartedly refute the claim that I was subjected to abuse. The media’s report was purely fictitious, and someone spread such false news that I felt Disappointed. My wife fell in love with me. Today I can still live because of her. I ask the media to respect my private life and let me focus on recovering from illness.” However, there have been many mysterious scars on the skin of Hawking. Wrist fractures, deep cuts in the face and lips. In March of the same year, the British police formally asked Hawking about the situation and asked the nurse who had previously looked after Hawking for information and requested information. However, because Hawking was unwilling to file a complaint, the police eventually had to close the case. Hawking's daughter, Lucy Hawking, said during the interview that about 2000, he had found a scar on his father, but his father said that he had accidentally injured himself. She did not care.
In the summer of 2006, 64-year-old Hawkin completed the divorce procedure with his second wife Elaine, ending 11 years of their lives as husband and wife. Hawking and Jane are in a good position to share their grandchildren with grandchildren. In order to reflect this happy period, Jane has made extensive edits to the previous book "Music of Moving Stars". He deleted a lot of narratives and replaced them with phrases for the hope of the future. After the completion, he published the book "Traveling to the Ends of the Earth". .
In 2014, the love story between Hawking and his first wife, Jane, was put on the big screen by the famous director James Marsh. The performance of the star Eddie Rede Meney was praised by Hawking himself. Redmeini was also responsible for this. A character won the Academy Award for best actor.