Precise Size Switch
Precise Size Switch Regional location Chile is located in the southwestern part of South America, west of the Andes. 18 degrees south and 57 degrees, 81.5 degrees to 68.5 degrees west. East is adjacent to Argentina, north to Peru and Bolivia, west to the Pacific Ocean, and South and Antarctica...
Precise Size Switch
Chile is located in the southwestern part of South America, west of the Andes. 18 degrees south and 57 degrees, 81.5 degrees to 68.5 degrees west. East is adjacent to Argentina, north to Peru and Bolivia, west to the Pacific Ocean, and South and Antarctica across the sea. The coastline is 10,000 kilometers long, 4352 kilometers long from north to south, and the narrowest is 96.8 kilometers from east to west and 362.3 kilometers wide. It is the country with the narrowest terrain in the world. Chile has a land area of 7,566,260 square kilometers (including 7,256,333 square kilometers of land and 373 square kilometers of islands) and ranks seventh in South American countries.
Chile in South America, like a thin, long brush, is 4,270 kilometers from north to south. If it is placed on the map of China, it will extend from the northernmost part of Heilongjiang Province to the Paracel Islands. The width between land and the country is only 180 kilometers on average, but it is equivalent to the distance from Shanghai to Hangzhou, which is only twenty-fourth of the length of the country. It can be regarded as the country with the narrowest territory in the world.
The eastern part of Chile is the western slope of the Andes, which accounts for about 1/3 of the entire east-west width. The west is a coastal mountain range of 300-2000 meters above sea level. Most of the area stretches along the coast and enters the sea to the south, forming numerous coastal islands; The valley that is filled with alluvial material is about 1,200 meters above sea level. There are many volcanoes in the area and frequent earthquakes. Located at 6,885 meters above sea level, the Ajos del Sardo peak on the border between Chile and Argentina is the highest point in the country. There are more than 30 rivers in the country, and the more important are the Biaobio River. The main islands are Tierra del Fuego, Chiloé, Wellington, etc. The climate can be divided into three distinct areas: North, Central, and South: the northern part is mainly desert climate; the middle part is the winter-rainy and summer-dry subtropical Mediterranean type. Climate; South rainy temperate broad-leaved forest climate.
In general, Chile can be divided into three regions:
The north is mountainous and many peaks are above 6,000 meters. Between the two ridges of the Andes is the Atacama Desert. This is the driest place on earth, and it is often rainless all year round. Nitrates were developed here in the past and today are copper mining. The larger cities in this area are Antofagasta (219,000 inhabitants) and Iquique.
The central climate is similar to the Mediterranean climate. The area is very fertile and has a large population. The capital Santiago (about 5 million inhabitants) is here. In addition, Valparaiso (port, 280,000 inhabitants) and Concepción (industrial and agricultural center, 350,000 inhabitants) are important cities. The southern part of the Talal Salt near the Atacama Desert in Chile is sparsely populated with abundant precipitation. There are many islands in front of the coast. In the south of the mainland there are Tierra del Fuego, Chile and Argentina each occupy half. Cape Horn on an island in front of Tierra del Fuego is the southernmost point in Chile and South America.
From west to east, there is first a narrow coast, then a mountain range, and then a wider plateau. The plateau in the middle is fertile and can be used as arable land and pasture. The border between Chile and Bolivia and Argentina is the eastern ridge of the Andes.
In addition, the Juan Fernández Islands and Easter Island in the Pacific Ocean also belong to Chile.